15 Tips about Coronavirus covid-19

This Blog will tell you about “15 Facts that you should know about Coronavirus COVID -19”

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15 Facts you should know about Coronavirus covid-19

  1. How does Coronavirus transmit?
  2. What is Coronavirus or COVID-19?
  3. What happens to a person who develops the disease?
  4. What is the age group in which this disease spreads? Does it occur in children or infants as well?
  5. How long does the Corona Virus survive over the surfaces or objects?
  6. What are the common symptoms?
  7. What tests are to be done and where to get them done?
  8. Is there any treatment or medicine for Coronavirus Infection?
  9. Are there any specific medications available to treat Corona Virus infection?
  10. How can I protect myself and my family members?
  11. Who should wear a mask and where?
  12. When and who should use medical masks (apart from health care workers)?
  13. Why we should use hand sanitizers?
  14. Is there any role of specific foods/drinks in the treatment of Corona Virus infection?
  15. Is there any vaccine available for the treatment of Corona Virus infection?

What is Coronavirus covid-19?

COVID-19 is an infectious disease which transmits person to person caused by a new recently discovered novel Coronavirus. Birthplace of this virus is china and in Jan-2020 it came to news that

How does Coronavirus covid-19 transmit?

  1. A person, who is suffering from this disease sneezes or coughs, spreads a lot of droplets in the air or fall on the ground or nearby surfaces.
  2.  If a person is nearby or a passer-by inhales the droplets or touches these surfaces and then touches his face, eyes or mouth, he can get the infection very fast.
  3. The chances of infection are more if one is within a distance of less than 1 meter from the infected person.

What happens to a person who develops Coronavirus covid-19 disease?

  1. The Majority of the people (80%) will require no treatment as such and will recover on their own. 
  2. A small proportion (<20%) may need hospitalization.
  3.  A very small proportion (mainly with underlying chronic illness) may need admission in an intensive care unit (ICU).

What is the age group in which this disease spreads? Does it occur in children or infants as well?

  1. This disease is known to occur in all age groups.
  2.  It can spread to children as well through the other person suffering from the disease in the household.
  3. The infection is generally mild in children because their immune system is capable enough to fight against foreign bodies…
  4. The infection is expected to develop serious illness in old people of age above 60 years or person with pre-existing medical conditions (such as diabetes, heart disease, lung disease, cancer)

How long does the Corona Virus survive over the surfaces or objects?

  1. There are no facts to prove for how long the virus that causes COVID-19 survives on surfaces or any material, but experts believe that it behaves like other Corona Viruses.
  2. The experts believe that Corona Viruses may persist on surfaces for a few hours or up to several days depending on the surface.
  3. This may vary under different conditions and temperature, surface, the humidity of the environment wash with Dettol.
  4. The expo surface which you believe is exposed to infection should be sanitized immediately. One should sanitize himself too after sanitizing the surfaces.
  5. Wash your hands regularly with good soap and water; you can use alcohol-based hand rub or sanitizer to clean your exposed skin.
  6. Avoid touching your eyes, mouth, nose after touching the surfaces, this will help you to prevent virus entrance in your body.
The aim is to prevent the transmission from contaminated surfaces to your hands and face/mouth/eyes.

What are the common symptoms?

  1. Fever Sore throat, Cough or Shortness of breath.
  2. These are similar to the symptoms of any viral infection like the common cold, influenza, etc.

Whom should I consult?

You should consult your family physician if you are having clinical symptoms of a respiratory infection plus any of the following:
  1. Travel history to a Corona Virus-affected area.
  2. Close contact with a person infected with Corona Virus.

What tests are to be done and where to get them done?

  1. If you do not have any symptoms you are not required to get tested for COVID-19 (Cough, fever or difficulty in breathing).
  2. If you have any of the above symptoms and have traveled to any of the COVID-19 affected countries recently or you are in contact of a laboratory-confirmed positive case then immediately call the State Helpline Number or Ministry of Health & Family Welfare,
  3. Government of India’s 24×7 helpline i.e. 011-23978046 and Toll-Free No: 1075, the authorized team will help you to get tested. Till the time authorities come for help, keep yourself isolated from others.

Is there any treatment or medicine for Coronavirus Infection?

  1. As of now, there is no specific treatment or medicine to fight against Corona Virus infection, only prevention is the only solution way we have currently.
  2. Treatment for Corona Virus or treatment of Covid-19 infection consists of symptomatic therapy to ease the symptoms.
  3. Since it is a viral infection ( transfer person to person), so in more than 80% of the cases or lower age group cases it recovers within a few days.
  4. Few people can be cured with complete isolation and drugs, however, on developing symptoms of the severe disease, they need to be admitted to the hospital/ICU for special care.

Are there any specific medications available to treat Corona Virus infection?

No, as of now there is no specific anti-viral medication available to treat the symptoms of the infection however majority of the people recover without any problem just like in any other viral illness.

Some drugs which have been used for other Corona Virus infections are being tried in very sick patients.

How can I protect myself and my family members?

Self-Awareness is the only solution we have to protect ourselves and our family members from this fatal disease. You can reduce your chances of being infected or spreading COVID-19  or Coronavirus by taking some simple precautions

  1. Clean your hands with sanitizer or wash them with soap and water after coming from outside, coming from the office or after visiting a patient with Corona Virus infection regularly.
  2. Maintain at least 1 meter (3 feet) distance between yourself and anyone who is coughing or sneezing, try not to touch any surfaces around the infected person even if it is common cold and cough.
  3. Avoid touching your face, nose, and mouth with your hands or cloth if you think you are exposed to an infected person or infected surface.
  4. Covering your mouth and nose with your bent elbow or tissue when you cough or sneeze and dispose of the used tissue immediately. Try to cascade this hygiene practice to your family members and ensure they are following it.
  5.  Stay home/Isolate yourself or to your family member if you or any of your family members have a fever, cough, and difficulty in breathing, visit your nearest hospital seek medical attention.

Who should wear a mask and where?

Medical masks should not be used by healthy persons as a mask helps an infected person to stop infected droplets coming out in the atmosphere after he sneezes. Wearing a mask creates a false sense of security that can lead to neglecting other essential hygiene measures.

In such a situation, more effective steps are:

  1. Wash your hands frequently with soap for 20 seconds or an alcohol-based hand sanitizer with 70% alcohol must be used for 20 seconds. It is recommended to wash your hands with soap and water if they are soiled, and avoid sanitizers.
  2. Covering your mouth and nose with your bent elbow or tissue when you cough or sneeze and dispose of the used tissue immediately.
  3. Avoid touching your face, nose, and mouth with your hands or cloth if you think you are exposed to an infected person or infected surface.
  4. Maintain at least 1 meter (3 feet) distance between yourself and anyone who is coughing or sneezing, try not to touch any surfaces around the infected person even if it is common cold and cough.
  5. If you are not feeling good and experience cold, please monitor your body temperature.

When and who should use medical masks (apart from health care workers)?

  1. When you or your family member starts to cough or fever it is advised to use three-layer medical masks to prevent infection from spreading to others. It is recommended to wash hands regularly for at least 20 seconds.
  2. While visiting a hospital or healthcare facility or any public place where you can expect public/gatherings.
  3. When you are with or caring for an ill person in your family.
  4. When you are taking care of ill family members it is recommended to wear three layers asks for safety.

Why we should use hand sanitizers?

  1. Hand sanitizers are to be used when you are caring for the patients infected with Corona Virus.
  2. In general, washing hands frequently with soap and water for 20 seconds is the recommended option.
  3. If hands are dirty or soiled then please wash your hands with soap and water.

Is there any role of specific foods/drinks in the treatment of Corona Virus infection?

There is no specific recommendation on this however one can continue to take his/her regular diet which includes fruits, vegetables, etc. to stay healthy.

Is there any vaccine available for the treatment of Corona Virus infection?

As of now, there is no vaccine available for the treatment of Covid-19 infection.

Are we well equipped to deal with the Covid-19 or Corona Virus crisis?

  1. The Ministry of Health and Family Welfare has taken adequate steps in this direction to equip the designated healthcare facilities to take care of the infected Corona Virus patients, should they require admission.
  2. The relevant SOPs for isolation and home quarantine, sample testing, laboratory facilities and discharge of the admitted patients are well available in the public domain on the website of the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.

What are the few common myths for coronavirus?

  1. Does the disease spread through food like chicken, eggs, and meat?

There is no conclusive evidence that properly cooked food transmits the disease.

  • Does the disease spread through animals?

There is no evidence or facts to prove this, however, it is recommended to take care of your pets, follow proper hygiene measures for them too.

  • Does the dead body of an infected with Coronavirus spread the infection?

Till now there is no transmission of Covid-19 Virus infection from the dead body but it is highly recommended to follow proper safety measures while handling the same.

How can I help in containing the disease or protect myself from infection?

  1. Most important is to follow good personal hygiene, hand washes routine and cough/sneeze etiquettes.
  2. Avoid international travel and restrict domestic travel, avoid participation in public gatherings and ensure a reasonable social distancing even within the family.

The above two points will contribute greatly in breaking the chain of active transmission.

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